EV fires during charging are not caused by charging itself. EVs spend a lot of time plugged in, so fires can occur during that time.
Repair shops servicing EVs should have fire isolation protocols to contain incidents before first responders arrive. Damaged vehicles or batteries have a greater chance of ignition.
Vehicles parked nearby can be protected with the proper protocols, preventing further propagation and buying time for first responders.
Protocols should be in place to prevent harm to people and damage to equipment when manufacturing, assembling, or recycling batteries.
Assisting drivers in accessing mobile charging options is an effective solution for alleviating range anxiety. Being equipped for emergencies while transporting large battery packs is imperative.
FIRE ISOLATOR is a concept for isolating and fighting EV car fires based on best practices and live testing. In general, there is not one single solution to extinguish or control EV car fires, as all firefighters who have dealt with these types of car fires will be able to confirm. Effectively isolating and fighting EV car fires takes several different methods because of the lithium-ion batteries on board of EV cars. The EV car will need to end up submerged in water in a container, but with the FIRE ISOLATOR concept, a lot can be done beforehand to minimize the damage. Fighting EV car fires with the Fire Isolator concept has been thoroughly tested and proven effective.
FIRE ISOLATOR can be summarized by ‘winning as much time as possible to limit the collateral damage’. The tactics needed for doing this were tested successfully on combustion engine cars and EV cars in 2021 in Denmark by professional firefighters and experts from all over Europe.
The use of a high temperature resistant car Fire Blanket (up to 1600 degrees C°, tested according to ISO EN 13501-1) in order to isolate and control the fire and prevent collateral damage. Note that a blanket alone will NOT kill the fire in the battery. It provides control of the situation.
The use of aerosol units, which interrupts the chemical chain reactions occurring in the flames and suppresses the fire resulting in further temperature reduction.
The use of a water mist lance to spray a water mist over the blanket in order to reduce toxic fumes and smoke and to keep the car cooled.
To monitor the temperature of the vehicle.
A dipping container in which the EV car needs to be submerged (for probably several days).
Training in this concept provided by experts and supported by the latest research and experiences.